98.26% precincts reporting as of May 11, 2022 2:14PM.
1 MARCOS, BONGBONG (former senator) 31,080,487 58.75%
2 ROBREDO, LENI (current vice president) 14,810,097 27.99%
3 PACQUIAO, MANNY (prize fighter) 3,629,281 6.86%
4 DOMAGOSO, ISKO MORENO (current mayor of Manila) 1,893,495 3.58%
5 LACSON, PING (current senator) 881,724 1.67%
Five other candidates each received fewer votes than Lacson. The people's voice was heard loud and clear on Monday. In the separate, vice presidential election, Sara Duterte, daughter of the current president, emerged victorious by a margin even greater than that of Ferdinand Marcos, Jr.
Jianah Academia turned 10 years old on Election Day (a no-work holiday in the Philippines), and I was at the duplex helping her celebrate, along with Jheng, Luz, Des, Joel, James, Michael, Mira, Arvin, Lara, and Aaron. As election news came in, the adults, dinner finished, sipped brandy while the children ate ice cream. All of the adults listed above are Marcos supporters, and many knew about the wariness with which I regarded the candidate.
"Do not judge him because of his father," Des told me. "Judge him by what he does." She was, of course, right, and I acknowledged that. Then Jheng started talking about land reform, something the elder Marcos apparently got right. Before Marcos, great swaths of agricultural land were owned by wealthy families and tenant-farmed by poor peasants in a system not unlike the sharecropping of the American South in the early 20th century. Marcos, Sr. introduced a process whereby the land these peasants worked could be acquired by them, with the government compensating the landholders.
Marcos had to do this by presidential decree, for the legislature contained many of those large landholders, and his decree focused upon just two crops, rice and corn. But it was an important start. Over the years since Marcos, Sr., farmers have been pressing the government to have land reform expanded, with few successes. Cory Aquino, whose family is a very large landholder, shunted agrarian reform to the legislature, with the expected results. Then the Mendiola Massacre occurred on January 22, 1987. Hundreds of unarmed farmers gathered to march on Malacanang Palace in protest and to ask whether emissaries could meet with President Aquino. They pushed against a police barrier on Mendiola street: a shot rang out, and then several of the police were firing into the crowd of demonstrators. Thirteen farmers died and more than 50 were injured.